In rural areas where drinking water comes from rivers or open wells, disease tends to spread among those living adjacent to and drinking the contaminated water.
Antibiotics like tetracycline, erythromycin and rifampacin Pathogens and hiv essay effective medicines. The protein molecules of the viral envelope form knobs that project outward. The virus has been found in blood samples preserved from as early as in several African nations and in England. Streptococcus pneumoniae, a normal resident of the nose and throat, can cause a type of pneumonia King, STDs can be prevented by taking following precautions: In case of vaginal infection, the women experience painful inflammation with thick cheesy discharge.
They can enter the body also through the mouth and the digestive system and cause infection through infected foods or drinks. Opportunists are potentially pathogenic organisms that ordinarily Pathogens and hiv essay not cause disease in their normal habitat in a healthy person.
The duration of the symptoms varies, but is usually one or two weeks. Some other TH cells help other T cells to respond to antigens Gallant, This stage lasts for several years; the patient does not feel especially unwell, but the number of T4 cells in the circulation declines steadily.
Males may develop painful inflammation of urethra through sexual contact with infected woman. This extremely rare disease was usually seen only in persons who were immunosuppressed. This issue is devoted entirely to AIDS. Further trials of the RV vaccine are on-going.
The incubation period is about one week. The first stage of the disease has symptoms like infections and painless ulcers on the genitals, swelling of lymph glands. Stage 6 of the infection is the disease condition actually called AIDS; the T4 cell count falls below per milliliter and the patient falls victim to one or several opportunistic infections such as Pneumocystis pneumonia Gallant, Or, if the host is already weakened or compromised by infection, microbes that are usually harmless can cause disease.
Incubation is between 18 hours to 5 days from ingestion of suspected contaminated water or drink Sack et al. Prior to the AIDS epidemic, this type of pneumonia was rare.
Stage 3 is signaled by a T4 count below per milliliter, and stages 4 and 5 are measured by evidence of progressive loss of effective immune response.
There have been recorded instances, though, of sexual transmission of HIV in persons whose only sexual contacts were oral-genital AIDS Institute, Worldwide epidemiological studies indicate three geographic patterns of transmission: A virus is smaller than a bacterium and a cross between a living and non-living organism DHHSKennedy For example, because it has no equivalent in human cells, an attractive target is the viral enzyme protease.
The most important of these are blood, semen, and vaginal secretions that contain the virus, or the transfer of cells, especially macrophages, containing the virus. HIV also evades the immune system by staying in vesicles within cells so that viral antigens are not displayed on the cell surface and T cells cannot detect the infected cells.
Worldwide, the estimates are that there are more than 1 million total cases of AIDS and that 10 million persons are infected. He may lose consciousness. This enzyme cuts proteins into pieces that are then reassembled into new HIV particles.
In some cities in Peru, for example, the disease spread through the municipal water system, which brought about high levels of infection in the urban areas.
They enter the body and cause disease every day through the air we breathe, food, water or direct personal contact. Transmission by blood transfusion in developed countries is unlikely because blood is tested for AIDS antibodies.
Antibiotics like clotrimazole, miconazole and nystatin can cure the infection. They can also enter the body through the sexual organ, the anus, the eyes or ears.Essay Blood Borne Pathogens and Disease Transmission (HCV), which can cause liver damage; and HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), which is responsible for causing AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome).
The blood borne pathogens can be spread when the blood More about Essay Blood Borne Pathogens and Disease. Bloodbourne Pathogens essays Bloodborne Pathogens are pathogenic microorganisms that can eventually cause disease.
They are found in human blood and other bodily fluids such as synovial fluid, semen, vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid and any other fluid that mixes or has contact with blood.
Essay on Hiv Epidemiology.
HIV Epidemiology John Lamb Grand Canyon University Concepts in Community and Public Health NRSV June 3, HIV Epidemiology The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that is similar to other types of viruses, such as the common cold or the influenza virus, but there is one aspect that is very different.
The Occupational Health and Safety Administration defines blood borne pathogens as “infectious microorganisms in human blood that can cause disease in humans” (OSHA,) These pathogens include hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), along with many others.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that can lead to acquired kellysquaresherman.com has been visited by 10K+ users in the past month.
Pathogens and HIV Essay. Length: words (6 double-spaced pages) Rating: Term Papers. Open Document.
Essay Preview. This assignment will give an outline of pathogens and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) also the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). How HIV is spread and where the virus comes from.Download